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Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary tract infections (UTI’s) are a common and usually mild infection that can affect the bladder, urethra, ureters and kidneys.

The infection can occur in your lower urinary tract and affect your bladder and urethra, this type of infection is known as bacterial cystitis. The infection can also occur in your upper urinary tract and affect your kidneys and ureters, which is known as pyelonephritis or a kidney infection.

Symptoms of a urinary tract infection

Symptoms of a lower UTI include

  • Frequency and/ or urgency
  • Pain or discomfort when urinating (usually a burning sensation)
  • The feeling of being unable to empty your bladder fully
  • Cloudy and/or foul smelling urine that may contain blood
  • Pain in your lower abdomen and pelvis
  • Feeling achy, tired and generally under-the-weather

Symptoms of an upper UTI include

  • A high temperature of 38C (100F)
  • Pain in your sides or back
  • Shivering or chills
  • Nausea or sickness
  • Confusion
  • Agitation or restlessness

How is a urinary tract infection diagnosed?

Your GP will probably ask you to provide a urine sample and will do a simple dipstick test to look for signs of any infection.

To find out about treatments for a urinary tract infection click here.

THE INFORMATION ON THIS PAGE IS A GUIDE ONLY. IT IS IMPORTANT THAT YOU SPEAK TO YOUR GP OR A QUALIFIED HEALTH PROFESSIONAL ABOUT YOUR CONDITION.