Originally published on: April 6th, 2017. Last modified on February 28th, 2022
What is Overactive Bladder?
If you get sudden urges to go to the toilet to pass urine which are difficult to ignore, you could be suffering from an overactive bladder.
This is sometimes called an unstable or irritable bladder or detrusor overactivity. It means that your bladder wants to squeeze out urine, even if it’s not full.
Overactive Bladder Symptoms
The most common symptoms of overactive bladder are listed below:
- A sudden urge to go to the toilet to pass urine – Urgency
- Not getting to the toilet in time to pass urine – Urge Incontinence
- Needing to go to the toilet to pass urine very often (more than 7 times a day) – Frequency
- Getting up to go to the toilet to pass urine during the night – Nocturia
- Wetting the bed – Nocturnal Enuresis
Remember – an overactive bladder is not an inevitable part of ageing.
What Causes An Overactive Bladder?
It is often hard to say what causes an overactive bladder. Doctors recognise several underlying causes and it is important to make sure that there is no other treatable condition causing your symptoms before you assume that your problem is due to an overactive bladder.
We do know that some things can irritate the bladder and make symptoms worse; such as:
- Some fluids we drink may cause problems. Caffeine and alcohol may irritate the bladder and cause urgency and frequency. Some fizzy drinks and fruit teas containing hibiscus can also irritate the bladder
- On the other hand, some people do not drink enough fluids, their urine becomes very concentrated and this can also irritate the bladder
- Another common cause of urgency is an infection. Your doctor or practice nurse can do a simple urine dipstick test to see if there is an infection present
Causes of an Overactive Bladder
Overactive bladder symptoms can be caused by a number of other conditions, including:
- People who have diabetes can develop an overactive bladder
- Men with prostate problems, not necessary prostate cancer
- Women who have had operations for stress incontinence are also at risk
- Any condition that affects the nervous system can cause problems. Stroke, Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson’s Disease and Alzheimer’s are all possible causes. Some of these conditions can also cause issues with getting around so that people affected may not be able to get to the toilet quickly enough
For many people suffering from an overactive bladder, the actual cause cannot be identified. It can be a relief to know that there is no other health problem causing your symptoms but it can also be frustrating and confusing not having a reason for the problem.
How to Help an Overactive Bladder
Approaching Your GP
The urgent need to use the toilet or not being able to hold on can be a real problem for millions of people of all ages. If you have an overactive bladder, you are certainly not alone.
It is never too late to get help with your bladder problems.
Sometimes reading a patient story can help you more than reading an information sheet.
Mark kindly agreed to share his story of living with an overactive bladder with our community. Mark is 40 years old and works as a Project Manager- he lives with his wife and two children in the Midlands.
You’ll find other real life examples in our patient stories section.
We have an information sheet on Overactive Bladder which includes more in depth information. Please visit our downloads section to download this information sheet.
You can also find more information about overactive bladder treatments. These include conservative, medicinal and surgical options available, however you should always speak to your GP or Healthcare Professional first.
You may also wish to request a Just Can’t Wait Card to help you to gain access to a toilet when you’re away from home, now available as a digital card for you smartphone.